The ti plant (Cordyline fruticosa) is a great houseplant for brightly lit, humid areas of the home, and they can also be grown outdoors in tropical climates. They are easy to grow and come in many beautiful types with fantastic colors. Fortunately, they are a very easy plant to propagate.
Even if you’ve never propagated a plant before, don’t worry, after reading this ti plant care guide you’ll have no trouble at all, so let’s get started.
How to Propagate Hawaiian Ti Plant
Before we get started at propagating new ti plants, let’s take a look at what you will need:
- A healthy mature plant to take a cutting from
- A clean, sharp cutting tool
- Root hormone powder (optional)
- A vase full of water/ small container filled with potting soil
Stem Tip Cuttings
The fastest way to propagate a new ti plant with big healthy leaves is to take a stem tip cutting. This is a very easy method, so don’t worry if you don’t have a lot of experience with plant propagation. Let’s take a look at the steps:
Take your cutting
For this method, you can take a pretty long cutting of around 10-12 inches (25-30cm) in length from the end of the stem. Use a sharp and clean tool to make the cut. It’s always a good idea to disinfect the blades on your cutting tools to prevent the spread of fungi and bacteria between your plants.
Remove the lower leaves
Next, you’ll need to remove some of the lower leaves from the stem so that you can fit the cutting into your vase. Cuttings that have about 4-8 inches (10-20cm) of stem below the first leaves will work for this propagation technique.
Treat with hormone powder
Dipping the cut end of your cutting in root hormone powder will speed up the rooting process. If you don’t have any, don’t worry, you can still be successful without it.
Set in water/soil
Now that your cutting is prepared, it’s time to set it in a medium of your choice and wait for roots to develop.
You can put the cutting into a vase full of water and wait for it to take root. This is a fun method that is very interesting to watch, but you will have to pot the cutting in a suitable soil-filled pot once the root system has developed. Be sure to change the water in the vase every few days to keep it clean.
Alternatively, you can root the cutting directly in potting soil, and let it grow directly into its new home.
Stem cuttings are another very easy way of propagating new ti plants. If you are going to try the stem tip cutting method, why not try this method as well? Here’s how to do it:
For this method, you will need stem cuttings of 4-6 inches (10-15cm) in length. The cuttings used will have no roots or leaves and are often simply referred to as ti logs. You can take several cuttings from longer stems, and you can even keep the end of the branch for making a stem tip cutting at the same time. Remember to use clean, sharp tools when taking the cuttings.
Hormone powder treatment
If you’d like to increase the root growth rate of your cuttings, or simply improve your success rate, consider picking up some root hormone powder from your local garden center. To use it, simply dip the bottom cut into the powder before planting.
With your cuttings prepared, it’s time to plant them in some potting soil. Keep the soil moist and they should start growing new leaves and roots with no other action necessary. Easy right?
Although the ti plant is generally considered to be a safe houseplant to keep, the sap it contains is toxic. Take care when working with cuttings and be sure to keep them away from children and pets.
Propagating new ti plants is very easy and a great way of expanding your houseplant collection. After reading this article, you are ready to roll up your sleeves and get your green thumbs busy! Now that you have new ti plants to care for, be sure to check out this detailed guide for even more great information.