green roses

The Peculiar Green Roses: Different Types and Pictures

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What comes to mind when we think about flowers is the image of a complete blossom in different shades of colors, mostly red, pink, violet, orange, and yellow. Even bees and butterflies would certainly recognise where to get their nectar because of these attractive hues.

The lively colors are what set flowers apart from the majority of the plant parts which are green but what if flowers were green as well? And what if our beloved rose is green instead, would we and the bees and butterflies be attracted to it a little less?

This article will explain the nature of green roses and how the aesthetic of this peculiar flower appeals to the world.

Flowers as Modified Leaves

Most flowers are made up of four rings or whorls: the sepals protecting the unopened bud, the petals usually in bright color, the stamen or the male reproductive part, and the carpel or the female reproductive organ (1).

Scientists say that these whorls were once leaves and that through evolution, were modified so that plants could reproduce.

This metamorphosis brought about the colored petals that attract pollinators such as bees and butterflies, transferring pollen to other flowers often resulting in cross-breeding. In the case of roses, the colorful array of flowers was also the reason why people collect and hybridize them.

Origin of the Green Rose

How old are they?

Among the highly cultivated rose species is the Rosa chinensis for the colorful, fragrant, and pest resistant flowers that are also repeat-bloomers and in 1743, a strange-looking blossom was observed on the cultivar called Rosa chinensis ‘Viridiflora’ (2).

Where does it come from?

Unlike black roses, green rose exists and it’s very unusual. Instead of stamen, carpel, and petals in red, pink or yellow color, the flower parts were all transformed into green leaf-like structures which were later identified as the sepals.

This abnormal development of floral parts into leafy structures is called phyllody and is said to be a result of chance mutation. Because the flower is basically made up of layers of sepals, no reproductive organs exist and therefore, no pollination and no seeds will be produced for the next generation of this rose plant. The unique plant can be propagated by cuttings and graftings instead (3).

‘Viridiflora’ means green flower and so the rose plant is now well-known as the Green Rose. It grows as an evergreen shrub with vibrant green leaves that has tinges of red. The flower does not resemble roses but the clump of sepals are apple-green in color with bronze tips with a slightly peppery scent (2).

The bizarre appearance of Green Roses makes them stand-out in flower arrangements and their hardy and repeat-blooming characteristics make them good performers in the terrace garden, especially during the winter.

Varieties of Green Roses

The ‘Viridiflora’ rose may be a peculiar addition to any rose collection or arrangement but people still crave the green color in a true rose-looking flower. 

Aside from dyed roses, there are rose cultivars that have been created with a more natural green color that are commercially available and widely used by florists (4).

Acropolis Rose

Rosa Acropolis
Credit: Salicyna [CC BY-SA 4.0]

Rosa ‘Acropolis’ flowers are in clusters and are mostly orange with an underside fading to greenish-white. 

These unusual roses grow as a shrub reaching up to two meters and prefers a full-sunlight condition. This rose cultivar was bred by Meilland International in 2002.

Mint Julep Rose

Rosa ‘Mint Julep’ was hybridized by Jack Christensen in 1983, creating an unusual yellow-green flowers with tinges of soft pink. 

This is a hybrid tea rose flower that grows bushy and the height reaches up to a meter. The dark green foliage is glossy and leathery. The plant is used either as a cut flower or as an accent to your rose garden.

Green Tea Rose

The large flowers of Rosa ‘Green Tea’ are almost white but pale yellow to green in color. This hybrid tea shrub prefers the sun and the flowers are usually solitary.

Hybridized by Rosen-Tantau in 2006, this flower is used by florists and is exhibited for the unique color.

St. Patrick Rose

Rosa ‘St. Patrick’, named after the patron saint of Ireland, otherwise called limelight in New Zealand, is a hybrid tea cultivated by Frank Strickland in 1996. 

The color of the vigorous flowers is green during the heat of summer and golden in colder temperatures and they smell fragrant too. The leaves are pale-green on stems that grow to a meter long.

Greensleeves Rose

Rosa ‘Greensleeves’ is a floribunda rose that flowers in clusters. The blossom’s color starts a pale pink-green as buds and bloom to a delicate green. 

They grow up to more than a meter in slightly acidic soil and flower from spring to fall. The stems are thorny bearing leaves that are glossy and toothed. The plant was bred in the United Kingdom by Harkness in 1980.

Green Ice Rose

Bred by the Father of Miniature Rose, Ralph Moore, in 1971, Green Ice rose has a flat icy green hue with bright green stamens. The leaves are glossy and leathery and are relatively pest resistant. 

Because the plant grows up to half a meter in height, it is commonly grown in containers and is adorable in hanging baskets but they can be used as a low green border as well. When grown in shade, the flowers may stay a darker shade of green.

Rose Super Green

Another hybrid tea rose, Rosa ‘Super Green’ has big flowers that are tinted green which are favorites among florists. 

They grow in small clusters with long sepals and none to mild fragrance. Their green leaves are large and semi-glossy on long stems. This plant was bred by Alessandro Ghione from Italy in 1997.

Rose Wimbledon

A Rosa ‘Wimbledon’ flower is deep green with slightly red, ruffled edges. This rose was bred by Olij Rozen. 

It comes in long stems and deep green foliage. The flowers bloom throughout the season so they are available as cut flowers all year around.

Green Diamond

This rose cultivar was bred by Ralph Moore in 1975. The flowers are single or double-petalled white that blends with green and do not have fragrance. The pointed buds are small and bloom in flushes. 

As with most miniature roses, Rosa ‘Green Diamond’ grows up to half a meter and the leaves are typically medium to dark green and needs partial shade to thrive.

If you love these roses, make sure to check our rose bush care guide.

Green Rose Meanings and Symbolism

The color green has always been associated with nature and fertility as lush plants and trees grow on a fertile land. In the language of flowers, a green rose is given to married women who are trying to have a baby to mean them luck in pregnancy, a sign of hope and fertility (5).

What does a green rose signify? Green roses are also a symbol of balance, cheerfulness, and rejuvenation. Green roses as cut flowers are placed in rooms and offices together with potted plants as they give off a refreshing vibe to the otherwise, busy and tiring atmosphere. 

Since work-life in offices tends to be exhausting and chaotic, green roses radiate freshness and happiness. They remind people of spring and creates peace of mind.

In Ireland, the Emerald Isle, St. Patrick’s Day is celebrated with everything green. Green roses are given to loved ones as a symbol of faith and hope along with the lucky shamrocks.

However, some describe green as the color of jealousy so receiving beautiful green roses may mean that the sender is feeling resentful. They say that the phrase “green with envy” is attributed to the jealousy felt when the body over produces bile and colors the skin green.


What are green roses called?

Green roses are often referred to as “Jade Roses” or “Chartreuse Roses.”

Can roses be green naturally?

Yes, roses can be green naturally. There are varieties of roses that produce green blooms as part of their natural color range.

How rare is a Green Rose?

Green roses are considered relatively rare compared to more common colors like red, pink, or white rose. However, they are cultivated by rose breeders and are available through specialty nurseries and florists.

Is there a lime Green Rose?

Yes, there are varieties of roses that produce lime green blooms, adding a vibrant and unique color option to the range of rose varieties available. These lime green roses can add a striking and unusual element to floral arrangements, flower pots, and gardens.

Final thoughts

In conclusion, the world of roses offers a stunning array of colors, shapes, and sizes, captivating gardeners and flower enthusiasts alike. While traditional red roses may hold timeless appeal, the emergence of green roses adds an intriguing twist to floral arrangements and garden landscapes.

Whether you’re drawn to the delicate charm of the “Green Ice” variety or the vibrant hue of “Jade,” exploring the diverse types of green roses opens up a world of creativity and inspiration. With their unique beauty and symbolism, green roses are sure to leave a lasting impression, evoking feelings of renewal, vitality, and harmony in any setting. Embrace the enchantment of green roses and infuse your surroundings with their captivating allure.

Up Next: Blue Rose: Origins and Meanings and Facts


Reference list:

(1) Leutwyler, K. “Turning Leaves into Petals”. Scientific American. 2001. Retrieved from

(2) Thingnam, S. “Flowers of India.” 2019. Retrieved from

(3) Yan, Huijun et al. “The Rosa chinensis cv. Viridiflora Phyllody Phenotype Is Associated with Misexpression of Flower Organ Identity Genes.” Frontiers in plant science vol. 7 996. 12 Jul. 2016, doi:10.3389/fpls.2016.00996 – link

(4) “Plants Database.” National Gardening Association. 2019. Retrieved from

(5) Stewart, William. “Dictionary of Images and Symbols in Counseling.” 1998. Pp. 350.


*Featured image: Credit: 阿橋 HQ – Flickr

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