plants that grow in-water without soil

Hydroponics 101: The 4 Best Plants that Grow in Water Without Soil

Sharing is caring!

Imagine a garden that doesn’t require any soil. Sounds like a dream, doesn’t it? But it’s not just a figment of your imagination. In fact, it’s a reality that’s been embraced by many gardeners around the world. Hydroponics, or the practice of growing plants in water without soil, is a revolutionary method that’s changing the face of gardening.

Whether you’re an urban dweller with limited outdoor space, or you’re simply looking for an innovative way to garden, hydroponics offers an exciting alternative.

In this article, we’ll explore the fascinating world of water-based plants, and how you can start your own hydroponic garden. So, get ready to dive into a new realm of gardening that’s as intriguing as it is efficient.

Popular Plants That Grow in Water Without Soil

Let’s dive into some of the favorite plant choices for water-based gardening. You’ll find that these beauties take root in water just as well- if not better than- their soil-planted counterparts.

Pothos (Epipremnum Aureum)

Reigning as a houseplant favourite, the Pothos is one versatile gem you’d love to have in your garden. Notoriously easy to care for, this plant grows lushly in a water environment. Just snip off a stem, place it in water and watch the magic!

Lucky Bamboo (Dracaena Sanderiana)

Known for its incredible adaptability, the Lucky Bamboo thrives in water. Despite its name, it’s not a true bamboo but rather a type of tropical water lily.

With just a bit of water and indirect sunlight, you’ll be nurturing an auspicious symbol of good fortune, as per Chinese tradition.

English Ivy (Hedera Helix)

english ivy

Rockstar of the ivy family, English Ivy gives a distinctly charming atmosphere to any space. It’s a reliable pick for hydroponics, showing rapid growth in water. Be careful though; it’s an eager grower and can take over your space if not pruned regularly.

Philodendron (Multiple Species)

Rounding off our list is the ever-popular Philodendron. This group of plants is known for their beautifully detailed foliage and forgiving nature. Even novice gardeners will have a thriving Philodendron with just a jar of water and some indirect sunlight.

Philodendron, like a gracious guest, won’t mind if you occasionally forget its water change. It just keeps growing with minimal fuss. It’s no wonder it’s loved by water gardening enthusiasts worldwide.

Essential Tips for Growing Plants in Water

Difficult gardening tasks become a breeze when you decide to grow plants in water. Consider these essential tips while setting up your hydroponic environment.

Selecting the Right Container

  1. Favor glass jars that offer a clear view of the waterline: It assists in catching any probable issues like root rot. Plus, it doubles as a stunning display piece for your living room!
  2. Ensure the container is deep enough for the roots to expand: This prevents overcrowding and improves overall plant health.
  3. Avoid closed containers: To prevent the growth of fungus and algae, stick to open containers that promote air circulation.

Water Quality and Maintenance

  1. Regularly replace the water: Changing the water every week keeps your plants vigorous and algae-free.
  2. Consider a water conditioner: It removes chlorine from tap water and is readily available at any pet supply store.
  3. Maintain a balanced water pH: A pH balanced between 5.5 and 6.5 promotes nutrient absorption. Use a pH testing kit and adjust accordingly.
  1. Ensure sufficient brightness: Placing your plants near a window with filtered sunlight works great. If access to natural light is limited, a fluorescent light would also come in handy.
  2. Regulate room temperature: A temperature range of 65-75°F suits most indoor water plants. Excessive heat or cold can stress the plant, hindering its growth.

By employing these simple, yet significant guidelines, you’ll set your plants up for success and enjoy the low-maintenance wonder of hydroponics.

How to Transition Plants to Water Cultures

Transitioning your plants from soil to water cultures is a task that requires great attention. Let’s delve into simple yet paramount steps you can follow to accomplish this.

Preparing the Root System

Before anything else, it’s crucial to adequately prepare the plant’s root system. Begin by gently rinsing off all the soil until you’re left with bare roots. It’s equally important to inspect for any signs of disease or pests and treat as required.

If roots seem extra long, you can trim them down a bit – shorter roots often adapt to water-based environments more readily.

Acclimatizing Plants to Their New Environment

Post root-preparation, you’ve got to help your plants adjust to their new water home. Initially, it’s beneficial to place the plant container in a somewhat shaded location. This tactic reduces stress on the plant as it adapts to water culture. It’s also essential to check and change the water regularly.

Ideally, you’ll want to change the water every 4-5 days at first, gradually extending the interval as your plant grows stronger. This process ensures your beloved green friend gets the required nutrients and stays healthy.

Common Challenges in Hydroponic Gardening

Even though growing plants in water without soil is convenient and fun, it also brings a few challenges. Let’s explore some of the most frequent issues in hydroponic gardening.

Algae Growth

Algae growth is one hurdle you may well face in hydroponic gardening. These green intruders love water and light, and they can quickly overrun your hydroponic system. Algae can steal vital nutrients meant for your plants and block the light.

To tackle this, keep your water tank and the rooting medium covered, keep your system clean, and consider using a water treatment to keep algae under control.

Nutrient Imbalance

Without soil, your plants rely solely on you to provide the right balance of nutrients. An imbalance can lead to under or over-fed plants, resulting in poor growth and health.

Regularly check your nutrient solution’s pH and electrical conductivity (EC) to ensure proper nutrition. It’s also a good idea to periodically drain and replenish your nutrient solution to maintain the correct balance.

Pest Management

Just because hydroponic systems don’t use soil doesn’t mean they’re pest-free. Pests such as aphids, spider mites, and fungus gnats can still find their way to your hydroponic plants. Regularly inspect your plants and the system for any signs of pests.

Using organic pest management methods, like introducing beneficial insects or using natural sprays, can help nip pest problems in the bud without harming your plants.

Up next:

Scroll to Top