Aren’t you mesmerized by the gorgeous leaves and unique flowers of Anthuriums? This plant is one of the famous houseplants and landscape plants. Thanks to its showy heart-shaped leaves and attention-grabbing flowers, anthuriums are loved by many.
This fascination led to a vast array of cultivars from more than 800 species. If you are having a hard time knowing which is for you, here are the top species and varieties that might resonate with you.
As long as you follow these anthurium care tips, here are some good Anthurium types to start:
The Anthurium andraeanum is a species also called the flamingo flower or laceleaf. They are one of the most popular types of Anthuriums because of their appearance. They are characterized by having a bright red spathe and white to yellow spadix. Aside from being potted plants, they are used as cut flowers due to their prolonged shelf-life.
There are also hybrids available in the market, often varying in flower shape, size, and colors. Some of the most popular hybrids of A. andraeanum are ‘Black Beauty’. ‘Oaxaca’, ‘Simba’, ‘Purple Miss June’, ‘Champion’, ‘Livium’, and ‘Zizou’.
Its scientific name is Anthurium amnicola. This species is often utilized as an indoor plant because they are denser. It has 3 famous varieties. The first one is the ‘White Lady’. True to its name, it has an all-white flower from the spathe to the spadix. The second one is the ‘Lilli’, with a close resemblance to pink tulips. Both the foliage and blooms have a ribbon-like shape, which is perfect for planting in groups. Lastly, the ‘Lumina’ variety bears wavy leaves and thin and long violet spadix. Its spadix shows great contrast with its purple-white gradient spathe.
This species is closely similar to the A. andraeanum, but with a few differences. Its foliage has longer tapered ends and its spadix curl. Due to its spadix’s unique form, it became a beloved indoor plant. Under this species are a wide variety of cultivars that give different bloom colors. Some colors of which are green, light purple, pink, red, and orange.
From the previous species of varying blooms, the A. radicans is commonly known for its exquisitely detailed leaves. Its leaves are green with deep leaf venation engravings. Due to this characteristic, the plant shows a pebble-like appearance on the leaf surface. Dressleri is one of the hybrids under this species. This hybrid bears larger leaves, cold tolerance, and better resistance to fungal pathogens.
The A. hookeri is also called the bird’s nest. If you want a more forest-like feel inside your homes, this species is perfect for you. It has thinner and longer green leaves, with a not-so-glossy leaf surface. Also, it bears white berry-like fruits. Being grown indoors, it can extend for up to 2 feet. As an epiphyte, it is a plant that clings onto trees and shrubs naturally. Hence, having this as a desk plant for a long time may not be the best move. The A. hookeri will demand more space for its vast growth.
Cultivars are also available in the market with some tweaks to the original A. hookeri’s characteristics. The ‘Pink’ cultivar has red stems, while the ‘Marie-Black Star’ has darker leaves. Aside from these two, other cultivars are available with more variegated and wavy leaves.
This species is also an epiphyte, which survives by getting the nutrients it needs from decaying matter. As a houseplant, it gives off a more natural and primitive appearance with its more rounded green leaves with noticeable leaf venations and grayish undersides. To optimize this species’ beauty, plant it in loose soil.
The A. clarinervium is an exotic species that naturally grow on rocks. Hence, the growing media it prefers has a porous and loose texture. Other than the soil texture, it also prefers a humid environment under strong indirect sunlight. Some growers add this exquisite plant to their terrariums.
If you are a fan of the contrasting leaf venation with a pronounced heart shape foliage, you are going to love this species. Its foliage also has a rough texture, some say it feels like cardboard or felt paper. Also, what makes the heart-shaped more pronounced is the silvery leaf venation which stands out due to the contrast with the matte green background. Once the foliage matures, it can reach up to 10 inches long. However, the plant will stay under 2 feet tall because of its compact growth habit.
If you are a fan of bigger leaves that look like an elongated heart, this is the species for you. It is a close relative of the A. clarinervium, which is the reason why they share a lot of common characteristics like leaf texture and color. Back in the late 1800s, it was a favorite of European collectors. Although this species is unique and a crowd-favorite, it is relatively easy to acquire.
This species also goes by the name Brazilian bird’s nest. It is one of the most sought-after household anthuriums because of its simplicity. Also, its leaves are elongated, dark green, and relatively plain. It has a texture that is not that noticeable making it easier to pair with other plants. Also, the leaves can reach up to 4 feet long.
What makes this species magnificent is its huge heart-shaped foliage with a very pronounced leaf venation. Young leaves are reddish-brown but turn green as they mature. Mature ones can extend for up to 2 feet. Although it has very beautiful foliage, this species is more sturdy than the smaller ones as it can withstand short dry spells.
This species brings a more classy vibe with its glossy deep green foliage with deep engravings of its leaf venation. The plant easily changes its vibe as the light source changes, making it have a crystal-like vibe. However, this is not for beginners to grow. This plant is advised to be under the care of a more seasoned grower as it is a bit tricky to grow. The A. luxurians grow slowly and require a warm and humid environment. Any alterations from its preferred environment may cause plant problems.
Nothing is as splendid as this species with its interesting foliage. It has a heart-shaped leaf with a surface that looks like it is formed with bubbles. The web-like venation and the glossy texture of the foliage give it a bubble-like appearance. When grown correctly, it grows up to 4 feet in width. Although, this climbing anthurium would require more effort in maintaining the right growing conditions. It prefers a cool and humid environment but having the incorrect combination might cause rot. To prevent rot, use loose or porous soil with good drainage. This soil type will allow water to dry up easily and avoid rot.
With its species as a clue, this anthurium is a collectors’ item because of its elongated foliage with corrugated leaf texture. Because of its vast connections of leaf veins, it forms a tongue-like texture on the upper surface of the leaf. The underside of the foliage is pale green with some short hairs.
To optimize this plant’s potential, plant it in an area with 70% humidity and moderate light exposure.
It is a rare Ecuadorian epiphyte that is in endangered status as of now. This anthurium is similar to the corrugatum in terms of leaf texture. Although, it is less glossy and more leathery. This beauty is not easy to grow. It only survives in humid and cold areas and would die slowly during hotter days.
If you are the type to enjoy abstract shapes, this is the one for you. This climbing species bears foliage that is finger-like but in irregular shapes. Its leaf margins are like huge waves and curves, making each leaf interesting. What’s even more interesting is that it extends up to 3 feet in length.
This species stands out from the rest because of its heart-shaped leaves but is sectioned off like a palmate. In some cases, mature leaves can have up to 13 lobes for each leaf. Also, this species is not as picky as the other species. It can easily adapt to different humidity conditions, soil and peat moss growing mix and partial light.
Another anthurium with a palmate and abstract foliage structure. This Mexican native’s bright green leaves have thin lobes that can reach up to 3 feet in length. To see its best, put it in an area with stippled light to partial shade. It prefers more sunlight than the other species.
This epiphyte species belongs to the group with strap-like foliage. It has dark green foliage that reaches up to 6 feet in length and 3 inches in width. As it matures, it bears pink flowers and red cherries. It is often planted in hanging baskets to show the beauty of its draping leaves. It appreciates dappled sunlight because it is naturally found crawling onto forest trees.
The A. pendulifolium falls under the same group as the A. vittarifolium. They both have slender elongated draping leaves that can grow 6 feet long. This species differs by having a long violet spike. It is not as sensitive as the other rare anthuriums but it requires conscious effort. Overwatering is a big no for this species.
Also known as the red pearls anthurium, this species also bears elongated foliage. However, this one has a thicker and glossier appearance. It is also erect and not drooping. In this species, its fruits play a huge role in its aesthetic appeal. Once it matures, it produces bright red berries that give a great contrast to its plain green leaves.
As an epiphyte, it has the same requirements as orchids. Also, they can survive in moderately humid conditions with different light exposures.
If you want a drooping tape-like anthurium but don’t have the space for the bigger types, planting this species is the way to go. It is a classy, minimalist plant that will go well in small indoor spaces. Its foliage rarely reaches 12 inches in length, has a dark green with blue tones, and has a pronounced midrib. Treat it the same way with less sensitive epiphytes. Give loose soil and dapple light exposures.
This species will surely take the spotlight in any landscape. It has huge drooping pendant leaves with a long cream-colored spiraled spadix. The grandeur of this species is loved by many collectors. This is why there are a variety of hybrids of this plant with changes in foliage size and texture.
The A. cutucuense is an Ecuadorian native with sought-after foliage. It belongs in the strap-like foliage category and the bubble-like textured category. These two characteristics are the rare features of anthuriums and this species has it both. To make it stand out more, it has bright maroon petioles.
Its beauty does come with a price. It needs high humidity and different temperatures day and night. During the day make sure that the temperature is near 21 degrees Celsius. On the other hand, 10 degrees Celsius is the best night temperature.
Although this plant has a certain exotic appeal, you should be wary of buying this species. Reports show that this species is facing near extinction due to poaching and heartless plant collectors.
Known as the Queen anthurium, this species has elegant foliage. Each leaf is in an elongated heart shape with accents of white venation. Also, they are presented in a pendant-like manner with the leaves drooping with erect petioles. As its gorgeous foliage matures, it can reach up to 4 feet in length and the venation becomes more pronounced.
To make the perfect pair with the Queen of Anthuriums, this species takes the role of the King. It has foliage as elegant as the Queen’s, with glossy lance-like leaves. Also, its horizontal veins are deeply engraved and give off that regal look. Immature leaves have a reddish-brown undertone but turn into a deep green as it matures.
Same with the Queen, they both prefer areas with 90% humidity. There is no denying that the royals are demanding.
This crawling anthurium has fancy heart-shaped foliage. It resembles a light green felt paper with crumpled edges in appearance and texture. When grown indoors, this species can grow for up to 6 feet. If planted as an outdoor landscape plant, it can even grow more. It is relatively easy to grow by providing 50% humidity, average sunlight, airflow, and loose soil.
A huge heart-shaped dark green leaf with a light yellow-green accent along the veins is this species’ selling point. Its foliage can grow for up to 4 feet and is considered one of the biggest anthuriums. To maximize the A. regale’s growth, plant it in a cold and humid environment.
Also known as the cardboard plant, this type of anthurium is famous in Indonesia. It got its common name from its cardboard-like foliage. It is relatively easy to grow by following the same requirements for other anthuriums. If cared for correctly, its foliage extends for up to 2 feet.
This anthurium type resembles a goosefoot but has a more round and curved shape. It has a peculiar form that people love and it can expand for up to 2 feet long. This species is relatively new to the scene but is already garnering lots of attention from anthurium enthusiasts.
This anthurium type is commonly referred to as the Faustino’s Giant. From its common name, it is evident that this anthurium belongs to the huge ones. It comes second to the A. regale in terms of size. Each leaf reaches about 4 feet in width and height. Also, they have a thick cardboard-like texture. The mature foliage has a matte bright green color with blue undertones. On the other hand, immature ones tend to be glossy and reddish-brown. To optimize its aesthetic value, put it in warm areas.
If you are looking for a bird’s nest anthurium that will suit a small space, this is the best one for the job. This type of anthurium bears dark purple young leaves that gradually change their color to green as it grows older. What makes it a good desk plant or indoor plant for small spaces is that it is compact and a slow grower. It is also easy to grow by providing indirect light and moderate moisture. It appreciates a few dry days.
This species gives that classy but natural-looking houseplant. Its foliage is big, glossy, slightly elongated heart-shaped, and a not too noticeable venation. It gives off a clean and natural appearance that growers love. However, some get scared of its black and weird-looking spadix. To witness the full wonders of this plant, provide the usual requirements. This plant is not as sensitive and more forgiving as the other types.
Last but not least, how could we forget the A. forgetti. This is the perfect desk plant as it stays small and cute. Its green leaves are more rounded with white veins. During its flowering stage, it bears a green spathe outlined with violet tints on the edges and a yellow spadix that turns red before the purple berries arise.
Some people think growing for this type is easy. However, it requires more than 80% humidity and other environmental conditions.
Tips in Choosing the Perfect Anthurium
The mentioned types of Anthurium are only a notable few of the thousands of cultivars out there. The best way to know which one is for you is by looking at your surroundings. Ask yourself where you would put the plant, check the humidity and light availability. Also, consider the space available for the plant to grow. The next step is to know what you prefer in terms of size, shape, texture, and color.
Then, research about the maintenance and care for the type of anthurium you are eyeing. Make sure that it would fit your schedule. If you know that you are a busy bee, opt for a low-maintenance anthurium. Lastly, remember your ecological responsibilities and do not patronize poachers for the sake of uniqueness. Avoid purchasing any plant that is near extinction or in threatened status.
For more houseplants to grow, see here.