Having a sturdy and versatile plant in a landscape will lessen the need for maintenance in the landscape. This is why the Asiatic jasmine is one of the good vines to be incorporated into most landscape designs.
It grows vigorously, produces alluring aesthetics, resistant to most environments, and requires minimal maintenance. Below is more in-depth information about the Asiatic jasmine and its common cultivars that will come in handy.
The Trachelospermum asiaticum or Asiatic jasmine is also known as Asian jasmine, Asian star jasmine, yellow star jasmine, star jasmine, and Asiatic jasmine.
Furthermore, this plant may also bear other common names depending on the country. Although, a common misconception about this plant is caused by it being called jasmine despite the lack of connection between it and the true jasmine plant.
The True jasmine belongs to the Oleaceae family while the Asiatic jasmine belongs to the Apocynaceae family.
Its genus is a combination of two Greek words – trachelos and sperma. The former means neck and the latter means seed. Moreover, its specific epithet is derived from its origins.
Some of its common names give a hint on where this plant originated, which is in Asian countries such as Korea, Japan, India, and China. Given its origins, this plant thrives in USDA Zones 7 to 11.
Given its fast growth rate, it can extend up to 2 feet in height and 10 to 12 feet in width given that there are little to no supporting infrastructures present. In 10 years or so, this vine may grow up to more than 25 feet in height and width.
Aside from bearing leaves all year round, small and simply beautiful flowers are seen during May to June right before summer just in time for people to enjoy the outdoors.
On regular days, the Asiatic jasmine bears green and waxy foliage. However, the leaves change their color to dull-brown and brick red at the onset of Fall.
Although, the plant’s simple oval shape and opposite leaf arrangement are retained. The same goes with its size which is usually around 1 to 3 inches in length.
The common name Asian Star jasmine describes what this plant’s flowers look like. Its color ranges from creamy white, yellow, tan, or gold. The small florets are known to have a star-like pinwheel shape with 4 to 5 petals.
Each floret forms a bundle of florets wherein one terminal flower will emerge followed by lateral blooms. Thanks to these characteristics, the flowers serve as an invitation for pollinators such as birds and insects.
Fruit and Seeds
Eventually, after flowering, the vine reaches maturity and creates pods that bear seeds for reproduction.
Asian Jasmine Grow and Care Tips
For someone to successfully take care of a plant, it is important to know what the plant needs. A keen observation in combination with acquired knowledge about that plant will help solve potential problems that may arise in the landscape.
Below are the basic requirements to know how one can look after the Asian jasmine vine.
The optimal growth of the Asiatic jasmine will be obtained if exposed to full sunlight. It should be uninterrupted and lasts for at least 6 hours daily. Although it also tolerates partial shade, the formation of pigment and production of flower buds may be problematic.
Moderate amounts of water supplied frequently are enough for this vine to grow. However, in places wherein rain is prominent, watering may be done less frequently. On the other hand, watering should be done more frequently during hot summer days.
If rainfall is happening often, less watering is needed. Regular watering should be done during the hotter months.
Temperature and Humidity
A warm and moist environment is this vine’s favorite environmental condition.
The Asian jasmine is a versatile vine as it can thrive in almost any soil as long as there is good drainage. Either sand, clay, or loam soils are suitable for the vine. Moreover, a medium with a large water holding capacity favors the growth of this vine, especially in hot months.
Aside from the type of medium, the space needed is also to be considered since this vine is a fast grower. At least 3 feet by 6 feet planting space is enough for the vine to grow and bloom without disrupting other plants in the vicinity.
Generally, the application of external fertilizer is not needed as long as the soil is rich in organic matter.
This might lead to soil toxicity. However, if the goal is to hasten the development of the Asiatic jasmine, the application of slow-release fertilizers for at most once a month may be done. Only do this when the vine is at its young stages.
Once established, the application of slow-release fertilizers should be limited to once a year.
The maintenance activities to be done for the Asiatic jasmine are for keeping it in shape and training. That is why trimming the vine when it exceeds the desired shape or height is often done with the discretion of the grower.
Removal of dead plant parts is also advised as it helps lessen the plant’s susceptibility to diseases. Moreover, this vine belongs under the Group 11 pruning wherein pruning is scheduled concerning its blooming months. Lastly, as the plant ages, rejuvenating pruning may be done.
The Asiatic jasmine vine is propagated by planting semi-hardwood cuttings or by layering. In both ways of propagation, choosing stems that are mature and actively growing is necessary.
Also, the planting medium should have proper drainage and moisture. For the cuttings, dipping the cut end into rooting hormones aids in the formation of roots. When the plants are ready to be transplanted, provide at least 1.5 feet apart per plant.
This cultivar is known to have beautiful foliage that changes its color from pink and white to deep green and white as the leaf matures. It also bears yellow showy flowers.
This cultivar is characterized by variegated green leaves with white borders and speckles.
Having copper-colored leaves during spring that changes into a deep green with white variegations for the succeeding months is what distinguishes this cultivar.
One of the best characteristics of this cultivar is that it is sturdy even during winter. Its mature leaves are also distinguished by having a yellow base color with narrow green strips and deep green margins.
On the other hand, immature leaves are red-orange. Its flowers also change as it matures, from creamy-white to yellow.
This cultivar loves to be in the sun more than the others, giving the landscape vibrant colors of yellow and green in one plant.
True to its name, this cultivar bears long deep green leaves throughout the year and creamy white flowers in summer.
Function In The Landscape
As a fast-growing versatile vine, the Asian jasmine plants may be placed almost anywhere in the landscape. It can be grown in pots or hanging planters and let trail down the same way as it would when placed in pergolas and roofs.
In some landscapes, it is incorporated into their vertical gardens wherein the vine is left to crawl and grow onto supporting structures. The Asian jasmine plant also loves to twine and cling on to fences and grids providing a screen for additional privacy in the landscape.
Moreover, it serves as a good ground cover and turf replacement. It is an ideal landscaping plant as it can tolerate drought, shade, deer, and salt while attracting wildlife and adding eye-catching colors.
If the vine is kept trained, there is no need to worry about it invading a landscape and damaging existing vegetation.
There is also no reported toxicity for this plant. However, harm may be brought upon by insect pests such as mealybugs, glasshouse red spider mites, and cushion scale insects since this vine is one of its hosts.